I have got a situation here. My balance sheet and trial balance are balancing well. But there seems to be a problem with the cashflow statement. I believe the foreign currency account is the reason for the discrepency..Its not an account of a subsidiary but just a business account in a foreign currency.Please help me understand foreign currency translation n my situation.
We need to "walk" your process in order to ensure we are both on the "same page". Please correct any misunderstanding.
**Monthly you mark to market the value of assets & liabilities in non-functional currencies.
**Monthly you mark to market the realized value of any foreign exchange hedges against the non-functional currency balances
**The net gain/loss resulting from the above is charges to the P&L
With the above, the assets, liabilities and P&L are adjusted for foreign exchange gains/losses and should balance in the Statement of Cash Flows.
You use the term "foreign currency account". Is this a bank account in a non-functional currency? Or what??
While you absolutely correct as to the need to markup/down the FX account vs function account, I don't believe that would cause an error in the Cash Flow.
Why; again based upon the info provided, the BS & Trial BS are balancing (assumption here that an account isn't zeroing out). Since the Cash Flow comes directly from these accounts, even if the FX account is "wrong", the Gain/Loss account is out by exactly that much.
Again, I'm talking the Cash Flow working, not being technically correct (FX gain/loss).
Errors can be large movement in fixed assets not being correctly identified, depreciation and other non-cash items, the aforementioned error in coding transactions.