In the U.S., the Robinson-Patman Act (Federal) governs customer discrimination situations. If a server cannot show that customer A is different from customer B (e.g., costs more to complete a shipment), then both customers have to be offered the same terms. There are penalties associated with not adhering. Overseas, transfer pricing laws require that a seller offer the same terms to similar companies, even if those customers are foreign subsidiaries of the parent company. Local representatives usually can advise sellers.
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